Muslims believe Ibrahim built the Kaaba in Mecca. “And when Ibrahim and Ismail raised the foundations of the House …” (Qs 2:127). But do you know that the evidence does not say that? One must first learn the evidence before believing.
Ibrahim Lived 2,500 Years Before Mecca
Ibrahim and Ismail lived around 2000 – 1900 B.C. Mecca was built around 400 A.D. According to historical documents, the Khuzaa’h tribe from Yemen built Mecca. Abu Karb Asa’d led this, when he reigned over Yemen in 410-435 A.D. The Black Stone first appeared in Muhammad’s grandfather’s era between 495-520 A.D. So the time between when Ibrahim lived and when Mecca was built is more than 2,500 years.
Ibrahim and Ismail Never Went to the Arabian Peninsula
According to the Taurat, God commanded Ibrahim to leave his country, Ur (in Iraq). He told him to move to Canaan (in Israel/Palestine). Ibrahim lived there until he died. He was buried in the Machpelah Cave in Hebron in Israel/Palestine (Taurat, Genesis 22). The distance between Hebron and Mecca is about 1,400 km.
Ismail never went to the Arabian Peninsula either. The Taurat testifies that “ . . . he settled in the wilderness of Paran. His mother arranged for him to marry a woman from the land of Egypt” (Genesis 21:21).
What are the Muslim Expert’s Opinions?
Some Muslim experts do reject the assumption that Ibrahim and Ismail built the Kaaba. Taha Hussein said, “This is something really clear because the Kaaba was a new structure that was built before Islam existed. Islam uses it for religious reasons.”
W. Aliyudin Shareef wrote, “Before the era of Islam, Ismail was never mentioned as the father of the Arabs.” If Ismail was not recognized as the father of the Arabs, he didn’t build the Kaaba. If all of the above information is true, then Ibrahim and Ismail did not build the Kaaba.
What was Ibrahim’s Ultimate Hope?
The Taurat says that Ibrahim obeyed the true God. He hoped in the coming of Isa Al-Masih. Isa once said, “Your father, Abraham, rejoiced at the thought of seeing my day; He saw it and was glad” (Injil, John 8:56). So, to follow Ibrahim’s faith, we must follow the living Word of God, who is Isa Al-Masih.
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SOME QUESTIONS FOR THE COMMENT SECTION BELOW
We encourage our readers to comment on the article above. Comments that don’t directly relate to the topic will be removed. Please start a dialogue with us by focusing on one of the following questions:
- If Ibrahim and Ismail did not build the Kaaba, it is not the House of God. So, whose house is it?
- If the Kaaba wasn’t built by Ibrahim, should Muslims pray facing the direction of the Kaaba?
- Why does the Quran give the impression that it was Ibrahim and Ismail who built the Kaaba, even though historically it can’t be proven?
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